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Musical Genres

Classical music

Classical music has a long tradition in Estonia, with many famous composers and performers. One of the most famous Estonian classical composers is Arvo Pärt, known for his minimalist and spiritual compositions. Other notable composers include Eduard Tubin and Veljo Tormis. The Estonian National Symphony Orchestra and the Estonian National Opera are two of the most prestigious institutions in the country, regularly performing classical music concerts and operas. One of Estonia's most famous classical pieces is Pärt's "Spiegel im Spiegel."

Folk music

Folk music has been an important part of Estonian culture for centuries. Traditional folk songs, called "regilaulud," are typically sung in unison and accompanied by a stringed instrument called a "kannel." The most famous Estonian folk group is probably the band Runrig, who have been performing since the 1970s. One of the most well-known Estonian folk songs is "Kevade," which translates to "Spring" in English.

Pop music

Pop music has become increasingly popular in Estonia in recent years. Many Estonian pop artists sing in English, but some sing in Estonian. Some of the most famous Estonian pop artists include Kerli, who is known for her electronic dance music, and Tanel Padar, who won the Eurovision Song Contest in 2001 with the song "Everybody."

Electronic music

Electronic music has gained a large following in Estonia, particularly in the capital city of Tallinn. The annual Tallinn Music Week festival, which began in 2009, showcases local and international electronic music acts. One of the most well-known Estonian electronic music producers is Mihkel Kleis, who performs under Tommy Cash. His music is known for its experimental and often humorous nature.


Jazz music has a small but dedicated following in Estonia. The annual Jazzkaar festival in Tallinn is the country's largest jazz event. Many Estonian jazz musicians are also involved in other genres of music, such as rock or electronic. One of the most famous Estonian jazz musicians is Kristjan Randalu, who is known for his piano playing and has performed with many international jazz artists.

Rock Music

Rock music has been a popular genre in Estonia since the 1960s, with the rise of bands such as the Apelsin and Ruja. The genre continued to grow in popularity during the Soviet era, with bands like Ultima Thule and J.M.K.E. gaining a large following. After Estonia gained independence in 1991, rock music continued to flourish, with bands such as Smilers and Terminaator becoming popular. Today, rock music remains a popular genre in Estonia, with numerous festivals and concerts held throughout the year. Some of the most popular Estonian rock songs include "Roosid papale" (Roses for Papa) by Smilers and "Kaksikute laul" (The Song of Twins) by Ultima Thule.

Choral Music

Choral music is an important part of Estonian culture, with the country's long history of singing festivals and choral competitions. The tradition of singing in large groups, or choirs, dates back to the 19th century and has been a way for Estonians to express their national identity and solidarity. The repertoire of Estonian choral music ranges from folk songs to contemporary works, and includes both secular and sacred pieces. Estonia's most famous and popular practitioners of choral music are the Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir, the Estonian National Male Choir, and the Estonian National Symphony Orchestra. One of Estonia's most well-known choral pieces is the "Kanon Pokajanen" by Arvo Pärt.


Regilaul is an ancient Estonian traditional music genre that involves a form of singing or chanting that has been passed down from one generation to the next. Regilaul is often performed in groups, with a lead singer and a chorus, and it features intricate harmonies and rhythms. The lyrics of Regilaul often depict nature, love, and everyday life, and they are sung in the Estonian language. Regilaul has been an important part of Estonian culture for centuries and has played a significant role in preserving the country's folklore.


Reggae is a popular music genre in Estonia, primarily due to the country's love for Jamaican culture. The genre originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s and early 1970s and has become one of the most internationally recognized music genres. Reggae music is known for its distinct rhythm, which is usually characterized by a slow, steady beat played by a bass guitar, and offbeat rhythms played by drums and other percussion instruments. The genre is also known for its use of vocal harmonies and socially conscious lyrics, often addressing issues of poverty, inequality, and resistance. In Estonia, reggae music is primarily played at music festivals. There are several popular reggae bands in the country, including Smilers, considered the pioneers of reggae in Estonia. Smilers, founded in 1993, has released numerous hit songs, including "Ainult unustamiseks" and "Et sa teaks," which have become fan favorites.

Electronic Dance Music (EDM)

Electronic dance music (EDM) has also become popular in Estonia in recent years, especially among younger audiences. The genre originated in the United States and Europe in the 1980s and is characterized by its use of synthesizers, drum machines, and other electronic instruments. EDM music is typically played in clubs and at music festivals and is known for its energetic, danceable rhythms.


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